Now Playing Tracks

 

 











Tribute In Light [World Trade Center - 09/11]




*Now in its 12th year, the Tribute in Light sent two high-intensity beams of light four miles up into the night sky in a poignant memorial marking the absence of the original Twin Towers.

*Several dozen onlookers including victims’ family members and city officials watched the beams emanate from the top of a parking structure just blocks from Ground Zero in a solemn expression of remembrance.

* “It is a symbol of New York and of the resilience of New Yorkers after the attack.” said Ryan Pawling, assistant director for public programs at the 9/11 Memorial.

*Designers included John Bennett, Gustavo Bonevardi, Richard Nash Gould, Julian Laverdiere, and Paul Myoda with lighting consultant Paul Marantz. MAS continued the show annually through the tenth anniversary in 2011.

*The technology behind the Tribute in Light and skill required to pull it off are as impressive as the display itself. 

*Pawling said each cannon had to be individually aligned—beginning with the corners of each of the squares — to ensure the light beams point directly skyward with one unified glow. 

*The cannons were adjusted fractions of a degree using specialized mounting gear that miles up in the sky accounts for a wide berth. If the lights are not all in sync, the beacons would appear fuzzy from far away. 

*While the official Tribute in Light was only one night, New Yorkers for miles around could see the beams at night as crews traveled ten to fifteen miles away in several directions to ensure the beacons were plumb. 

Source: blog of archpaper | Credits: BRANDEN KLAYKO | EAST | THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2013











Tribute In Light [World Trade Center - 09/11]




*Now in its 12th year, the Tribute in Light sent two high-intensity beams of light four miles up into the night sky in a poignant memorial marking the absence of the original Twin Towers.

*Several dozen onlookers including victims’ family members and city officials watched the beams emanate from the top of a parking structure just blocks from Ground Zero in a solemn expression of remembrance.

* “It is a symbol of New York and of the resilience of New Yorkers after the attack.” said Ryan Pawling, assistant director for public programs at the 9/11 Memorial.

*Designers included John Bennett, Gustavo Bonevardi, Richard Nash Gould, Julian Laverdiere, and Paul Myoda with lighting consultant Paul Marantz. MAS continued the show annually through the tenth anniversary in 2011.

*The technology behind the Tribute in Light and skill required to pull it off are as impressive as the display itself. 

*Pawling said each cannon had to be individually aligned—beginning with the corners of each of the squares — to ensure the light beams point directly skyward with one unified glow. 

*The cannons were adjusted fractions of a degree using specialized mounting gear that miles up in the sky accounts for a wide berth. If the lights are not all in sync, the beacons would appear fuzzy from far away. 

*While the official Tribute in Light was only one night, New Yorkers for miles around could see the beams at night as crews traveled ten to fifteen miles away in several directions to ensure the beacons were plumb. 

Source: blog of archpaper | Credits: BRANDEN KLAYKO | EAST | THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2013











Tribute In Light [World Trade Center - 09/11]




*Now in its 12th year, the Tribute in Light sent two high-intensity beams of light four miles up into the night sky in a poignant memorial marking the absence of the original Twin Towers.

*Several dozen onlookers including victims’ family members and city officials watched the beams emanate from the top of a parking structure just blocks from Ground Zero in a solemn expression of remembrance.

* “It is a symbol of New York and of the resilience of New Yorkers after the attack.” said Ryan Pawling, assistant director for public programs at the 9/11 Memorial.

*Designers included John Bennett, Gustavo Bonevardi, Richard Nash Gould, Julian Laverdiere, and Paul Myoda with lighting consultant Paul Marantz. MAS continued the show annually through the tenth anniversary in 2011.

*The technology behind the Tribute in Light and skill required to pull it off are as impressive as the display itself. 

*Pawling said each cannon had to be individually aligned—beginning with the corners of each of the squares — to ensure the light beams point directly skyward with one unified glow. 

*The cannons were adjusted fractions of a degree using specialized mounting gear that miles up in the sky accounts for a wide berth. If the lights are not all in sync, the beacons would appear fuzzy from far away. 

*While the official Tribute in Light was only one night, New Yorkers for miles around could see the beams at night as crews traveled ten to fifteen miles away in several directions to ensure the beacons were plumb. 

Source: blog of archpaper | Credits: BRANDEN KLAYKO | EAST | THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2013











Tribute In Light [World Trade Center - 09/11]




*Now in its 12th year, the Tribute in Light sent two high-intensity beams of light four miles up into the night sky in a poignant memorial marking the absence of the original Twin Towers.

*Several dozen onlookers including victims’ family members and city officials watched the beams emanate from the top of a parking structure just blocks from Ground Zero in a solemn expression of remembrance.

* “It is a symbol of New York and of the resilience of New Yorkers after the attack.” said Ryan Pawling, assistant director for public programs at the 9/11 Memorial.

*Designers included John Bennett, Gustavo Bonevardi, Richard Nash Gould, Julian Laverdiere, and Paul Myoda with lighting consultant Paul Marantz. MAS continued the show annually through the tenth anniversary in 2011.

*The technology behind the Tribute in Light and skill required to pull it off are as impressive as the display itself. 

*Pawling said each cannon had to be individually aligned—beginning with the corners of each of the squares — to ensure the light beams point directly skyward with one unified glow. 

*The cannons were adjusted fractions of a degree using specialized mounting gear that miles up in the sky accounts for a wide berth. If the lights are not all in sync, the beacons would appear fuzzy from far away. 

*While the official Tribute in Light was only one night, New Yorkers for miles around could see the beams at night as crews traveled ten to fifteen miles away in several directions to ensure the beacons were plumb. 

Source: blog of archpaper | Credits: BRANDEN KLAYKO | EAST | THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2013











Tribute In Light [World Trade Center - 09/11]




*Now in its 12th year, the Tribute in Light sent two high-intensity beams of light four miles up into the night sky in a poignant memorial marking the absence of the original Twin Towers.

*Several dozen onlookers including victims’ family members and city officials watched the beams emanate from the top of a parking structure just blocks from Ground Zero in a solemn expression of remembrance.

* “It is a symbol of New York and of the resilience of New Yorkers after the attack.” said Ryan Pawling, assistant director for public programs at the 9/11 Memorial.

*Designers included John Bennett, Gustavo Bonevardi, Richard Nash Gould, Julian Laverdiere, and Paul Myoda with lighting consultant Paul Marantz. MAS continued the show annually through the tenth anniversary in 2011.

*The technology behind the Tribute in Light and skill required to pull it off are as impressive as the display itself. 

*Pawling said each cannon had to be individually aligned—beginning with the corners of each of the squares — to ensure the light beams point directly skyward with one unified glow. 

*The cannons were adjusted fractions of a degree using specialized mounting gear that miles up in the sky accounts for a wide berth. If the lights are not all in sync, the beacons would appear fuzzy from far away. 

*While the official Tribute in Light was only one night, New Yorkers for miles around could see the beams at night as crews traveled ten to fifteen miles away in several directions to ensure the beacons were plumb. 

Source: blog of archpaper | Credits: BRANDEN KLAYKO | EAST | THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2013











Tribute In Light [World Trade Center - 09/11]




*Now in its 12th year, the Tribute in Light sent two high-intensity beams of light four miles up into the night sky in a poignant memorial marking the absence of the original Twin Towers.

*Several dozen onlookers including victims’ family members and city officials watched the beams emanate from the top of a parking structure just blocks from Ground Zero in a solemn expression of remembrance.

* “It is a symbol of New York and of the resilience of New Yorkers after the attack.” said Ryan Pawling, assistant director for public programs at the 9/11 Memorial.

*Designers included John Bennett, Gustavo Bonevardi, Richard Nash Gould, Julian Laverdiere, and Paul Myoda with lighting consultant Paul Marantz. MAS continued the show annually through the tenth anniversary in 2011.

*The technology behind the Tribute in Light and skill required to pull it off are as impressive as the display itself. 

*Pawling said each cannon had to be individually aligned—beginning with the corners of each of the squares — to ensure the light beams point directly skyward with one unified glow. 

*The cannons were adjusted fractions of a degree using specialized mounting gear that miles up in the sky accounts for a wide berth. If the lights are not all in sync, the beacons would appear fuzzy from far away. 

*While the official Tribute in Light was only one night, New Yorkers for miles around could see the beams at night as crews traveled ten to fifteen miles away in several directions to ensure the beacons were plumb. 

Source: blog of archpaper | Credits: BRANDEN KLAYKO | EAST | THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2013











Tribute In Light [World Trade Center - 09/11]




*Now in its 12th year, the Tribute in Light sent two high-intensity beams of light four miles up into the night sky in a poignant memorial marking the absence of the original Twin Towers.

*Several dozen onlookers including victims’ family members and city officials watched the beams emanate from the top of a parking structure just blocks from Ground Zero in a solemn expression of remembrance.

* “It is a symbol of New York and of the resilience of New Yorkers after the attack.” said Ryan Pawling, assistant director for public programs at the 9/11 Memorial.

*Designers included John Bennett, Gustavo Bonevardi, Richard Nash Gould, Julian Laverdiere, and Paul Myoda with lighting consultant Paul Marantz. MAS continued the show annually through the tenth anniversary in 2011.

*The technology behind the Tribute in Light and skill required to pull it off are as impressive as the display itself. 

*Pawling said each cannon had to be individually aligned—beginning with the corners of each of the squares — to ensure the light beams point directly skyward with one unified glow. 

*The cannons were adjusted fractions of a degree using specialized mounting gear that miles up in the sky accounts for a wide berth. If the lights are not all in sync, the beacons would appear fuzzy from far away. 

*While the official Tribute in Light was only one night, New Yorkers for miles around could see the beams at night as crews traveled ten to fifteen miles away in several directions to ensure the beacons were plumb. 

Source: blog of archpaper | Credits: BRANDEN KLAYKO | EAST | THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2013











Tribute In Light [World Trade Center - 09/11]




*Now in its 12th year, the Tribute in Light sent two high-intensity beams of light four miles up into the night sky in a poignant memorial marking the absence of the original Twin Towers.

*Several dozen onlookers including victims’ family members and city officials watched the beams emanate from the top of a parking structure just blocks from Ground Zero in a solemn expression of remembrance.

* “It is a symbol of New York and of the resilience of New Yorkers after the attack.” said Ryan Pawling, assistant director for public programs at the 9/11 Memorial.

*Designers included John Bennett, Gustavo Bonevardi, Richard Nash Gould, Julian Laverdiere, and Paul Myoda with lighting consultant Paul Marantz. MAS continued the show annually through the tenth anniversary in 2011.

*The technology behind the Tribute in Light and skill required to pull it off are as impressive as the display itself. 

*Pawling said each cannon had to be individually aligned—beginning with the corners of each of the squares — to ensure the light beams point directly skyward with one unified glow. 

*The cannons were adjusted fractions of a degree using specialized mounting gear that miles up in the sky accounts for a wide berth. If the lights are not all in sync, the beacons would appear fuzzy from far away. 

*While the official Tribute in Light was only one night, New Yorkers for miles around could see the beams at night as crews traveled ten to fifteen miles away in several directions to ensure the beacons were plumb. 

Source: blog of archpaper | Credits: BRANDEN KLAYKO | EAST | THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2013











Tribute In Light [World Trade Center - 09/11]




*Now in its 12th year, the Tribute in Light sent two high-intensity beams of light four miles up into the night sky in a poignant memorial marking the absence of the original Twin Towers.

*Several dozen onlookers including victims’ family members and city officials watched the beams emanate from the top of a parking structure just blocks from Ground Zero in a solemn expression of remembrance.

* “It is a symbol of New York and of the resilience of New Yorkers after the attack.” said Ryan Pawling, assistant director for public programs at the 9/11 Memorial.

*Designers included John Bennett, Gustavo Bonevardi, Richard Nash Gould, Julian Laverdiere, and Paul Myoda with lighting consultant Paul Marantz. MAS continued the show annually through the tenth anniversary in 2011.

*The technology behind the Tribute in Light and skill required to pull it off are as impressive as the display itself. 

*Pawling said each cannon had to be individually aligned—beginning with the corners of each of the squares — to ensure the light beams point directly skyward with one unified glow. 

*The cannons were adjusted fractions of a degree using specialized mounting gear that miles up in the sky accounts for a wide berth. If the lights are not all in sync, the beacons would appear fuzzy from far away. 

*While the official Tribute in Light was only one night, New Yorkers for miles around could see the beams at night as crews traveled ten to fifteen miles away in several directions to ensure the beacons were plumb. 

Source: blog of archpaper | Credits: BRANDEN KLAYKO | EAST | THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2013

Tribute In Light [World Trade Center - 09/11]

*Now in its 12th year, the Tribute in Light sent two high-intensity beams of light four miles up into the night sky in a poignant memorial marking the absence of the original Twin Towers.

*Several dozen onlookers including victims’ family members and city officials watched the beams emanate from the top of a parking structure just blocks from Ground Zero in a solemn expression of remembrance.

* “It is a symbol of New York and of the resilience of New Yorkers after the attack.” said Ryan Pawling, assistant director for public programs at the 9/11 Memorial.

*Designers included John Bennett, Gustavo Bonevardi, Richard Nash Gould, Julian Laverdiere, and Paul Myoda with lighting consultant Paul Marantz. MAS continued the show annually through the tenth anniversary in 2011.

*The technology behind the Tribute in Light and skill required to pull it off are as impressive as the display itself.

*Pawling said each cannon had to be individually aligned—beginning with the corners of each of the squares — to ensure the light beams point directly skyward with one unified glow.

*The cannons were adjusted fractions of a degree using specialized mounting gear that miles up in the sky accounts for a wide berth. If the lights are not all in sync, the beacons would appear fuzzy from far away.

*While the official Tribute in Light was only one night, New Yorkers for miles around could see the beams at night as crews traveled ten to fifteen miles away in several directions to ensure the beacons were plumb.

Source: blog of archpaper | Credits: BRANDEN KLAYKO | EAST | THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 2013











The World’s First “Invisible” Tower [South Korean]




*A 1,476-foot tower equipped with its very own cloaking device.

*It will be equipped with an LED facade system and optical cameras to give it a reflective skin — and a striking translucent appearance.

*Infinity Tower will primarily be used for leisure activities, and include a series of observation decks, a 4D movie theatre, roller coaster, water park, and numerous food and beverage outlets.


*The glass-encased tower will feature the third highest observation deck in the world.

*The view from the tower will be its best asset. Multiple floors at the top of the building will be used as an observation deck and as landscaped gardens.

*The floorplan is open so that you can peer down multiple levels as you ascend. 

Source: io9 & nationalpost | Credits: All images via GDS Architects.











The World’s First “Invisible” Tower [South Korean]




*A 1,476-foot tower equipped with its very own cloaking device.

*It will be equipped with an LED facade system and optical cameras to give it a reflective skin — and a striking translucent appearance.

*Infinity Tower will primarily be used for leisure activities, and include a series of observation decks, a 4D movie theatre, roller coaster, water park, and numerous food and beverage outlets.


*The glass-encased tower will feature the third highest observation deck in the world.

*The view from the tower will be its best asset. Multiple floors at the top of the building will be used as an observation deck and as landscaped gardens.

*The floorplan is open so that you can peer down multiple levels as you ascend. 

Source: io9 & nationalpost | Credits: All images via GDS Architects.











The World’s First “Invisible” Tower [South Korean]




*A 1,476-foot tower equipped with its very own cloaking device.

*It will be equipped with an LED facade system and optical cameras to give it a reflective skin — and a striking translucent appearance.

*Infinity Tower will primarily be used for leisure activities, and include a series of observation decks, a 4D movie theatre, roller coaster, water park, and numerous food and beverage outlets.


*The glass-encased tower will feature the third highest observation deck in the world.

*The view from the tower will be its best asset. Multiple floors at the top of the building will be used as an observation deck and as landscaped gardens.

*The floorplan is open so that you can peer down multiple levels as you ascend. 

Source: io9 & nationalpost | Credits: All images via GDS Architects.











The World’s First “Invisible” Tower [South Korean]




*A 1,476-foot tower equipped with its very own cloaking device.

*It will be equipped with an LED facade system and optical cameras to give it a reflective skin — and a striking translucent appearance.

*Infinity Tower will primarily be used for leisure activities, and include a series of observation decks, a 4D movie theatre, roller coaster, water park, and numerous food and beverage outlets.


*The glass-encased tower will feature the third highest observation deck in the world.

*The view from the tower will be its best asset. Multiple floors at the top of the building will be used as an observation deck and as landscaped gardens.

*The floorplan is open so that you can peer down multiple levels as you ascend. 

Source: io9 & nationalpost | Credits: All images via GDS Architects.











The World’s First “Invisible” Tower [South Korean]




*A 1,476-foot tower equipped with its very own cloaking device.

*It will be equipped with an LED facade system and optical cameras to give it a reflective skin — and a striking translucent appearance.

*Infinity Tower will primarily be used for leisure activities, and include a series of observation decks, a 4D movie theatre, roller coaster, water park, and numerous food and beverage outlets.


*The glass-encased tower will feature the third highest observation deck in the world.

*The view from the tower will be its best asset. Multiple floors at the top of the building will be used as an observation deck and as landscaped gardens.

*The floorplan is open so that you can peer down multiple levels as you ascend. 

Source: io9 & nationalpost | Credits: All images via GDS Architects.











The World’s First “Invisible” Tower [South Korean]




*A 1,476-foot tower equipped with its very own cloaking device.

*It will be equipped with an LED facade system and optical cameras to give it a reflective skin — and a striking translucent appearance.

*Infinity Tower will primarily be used for leisure activities, and include a series of observation decks, a 4D movie theatre, roller coaster, water park, and numerous food and beverage outlets.


*The glass-encased tower will feature the third highest observation deck in the world.

*The view from the tower will be its best asset. Multiple floors at the top of the building will be used as an observation deck and as landscaped gardens.

*The floorplan is open so that you can peer down multiple levels as you ascend. 

Source: io9 & nationalpost | Credits: All images via GDS Architects.











The World’s First “Invisible” Tower [South Korean]




*A 1,476-foot tower equipped with its very own cloaking device.

*It will be equipped with an LED facade system and optical cameras to give it a reflective skin — and a striking translucent appearance.

*Infinity Tower will primarily be used for leisure activities, and include a series of observation decks, a 4D movie theatre, roller coaster, water park, and numerous food and beverage outlets.


*The glass-encased tower will feature the third highest observation deck in the world.

*The view from the tower will be its best asset. Multiple floors at the top of the building will be used as an observation deck and as landscaped gardens.

*The floorplan is open so that you can peer down multiple levels as you ascend. 

Source: io9 & nationalpost | Credits: All images via GDS Architects.

The World’s First “Invisible” Tower [South Korean]

*A 1,476-foot tower equipped with its very own cloaking device.

*It will be equipped with an LED facade system and optical cameras to give it a reflective skin — and a striking translucent appearance.

*Infinity Tower will primarily be used for leisure activities, and include a series of observation decks, a 4D movie theatre, roller coaster, water park, and numerous food and beverage outlets.

*The glass-encased tower will feature the third highest observation deck in the world.

*The view from the tower will be its best asset. Multiple floors at the top of the building will be used as an observation deck and as landscaped gardens.

*The floorplan is open so that you can peer down multiple levels as you ascend.

Source: io9 & nationalpost | Credits: All images via GDS Architects.













New One World Trade Center [Freedom Tower]




*In 2005, once David M. Childs of Skidmore Owings & Merrill (SOM) took over the design of One WTC, he devised a brilliant solution for balancing the building’s monumental and memorial demands with its practical and commercial needs.

*He took a chaotic jumble of ideas left by Daniel Libeskind, the site ‘s quixotic planner, and compressed them into a shimmering crystal, one that reflected the scale and volume of the original Twin Towers while also recalling the tapered facets of the Washington Monument.

*From a solid, cube-shaped base (regrettably made more bunkerlike over time), the edges of Mr. Childs’s One WTC chamfer in so that halfway up it becomes a perfect octagon and, at its top floor, the building faces 45 degrees off its base.


*Construction started	April 27, 2006 | Opening	
Late 2013 or Early 2014.

*Floor count: 104 (+5 basement floors)| Cost: US$3.9 billion (April 2012 estimate).

*Architectural: 1,776 ft (541.3 m) | Tip: 1,792 ft (546.2 m) | Location: 72 Vesey Street New York City, NY 10048. 

*Architectural style: Contemporary modern. 

Source: Wikipedia | Architecturelab & WSJ.













New One World Trade Center [Freedom Tower]




*In 2005, once David M. Childs of Skidmore Owings & Merrill (SOM) took over the design of One WTC, he devised a brilliant solution for balancing the building’s monumental and memorial demands with its practical and commercial needs.

*He took a chaotic jumble of ideas left by Daniel Libeskind, the site ‘s quixotic planner, and compressed them into a shimmering crystal, one that reflected the scale and volume of the original Twin Towers while also recalling the tapered facets of the Washington Monument.

*From a solid, cube-shaped base (regrettably made more bunkerlike over time), the edges of Mr. Childs’s One WTC chamfer in so that halfway up it becomes a perfect octagon and, at its top floor, the building faces 45 degrees off its base.


*Construction started	April 27, 2006 | Opening	
Late 2013 or Early 2014.

*Floor count: 104 (+5 basement floors)| Cost: US$3.9 billion (April 2012 estimate).

*Architectural: 1,776 ft (541.3 m) | Tip: 1,792 ft (546.2 m) | Location: 72 Vesey Street New York City, NY 10048. 

*Architectural style: Contemporary modern. 

Source: Wikipedia | Architecturelab & WSJ.













New One World Trade Center [Freedom Tower]




*In 2005, once David M. Childs of Skidmore Owings & Merrill (SOM) took over the design of One WTC, he devised a brilliant solution for balancing the building’s monumental and memorial demands with its practical and commercial needs.

*He took a chaotic jumble of ideas left by Daniel Libeskind, the site ‘s quixotic planner, and compressed them into a shimmering crystal, one that reflected the scale and volume of the original Twin Towers while also recalling the tapered facets of the Washington Monument.

*From a solid, cube-shaped base (regrettably made more bunkerlike over time), the edges of Mr. Childs’s One WTC chamfer in so that halfway up it becomes a perfect octagon and, at its top floor, the building faces 45 degrees off its base.


*Construction started	April 27, 2006 | Opening	
Late 2013 or Early 2014.

*Floor count: 104 (+5 basement floors)| Cost: US$3.9 billion (April 2012 estimate).

*Architectural: 1,776 ft (541.3 m) | Tip: 1,792 ft (546.2 m) | Location: 72 Vesey Street New York City, NY 10048. 

*Architectural style: Contemporary modern. 

Source: Wikipedia | Architecturelab & WSJ.













New One World Trade Center [Freedom Tower]




*In 2005, once David M. Childs of Skidmore Owings & Merrill (SOM) took over the design of One WTC, he devised a brilliant solution for balancing the building’s monumental and memorial demands with its practical and commercial needs.

*He took a chaotic jumble of ideas left by Daniel Libeskind, the site ‘s quixotic planner, and compressed them into a shimmering crystal, one that reflected the scale and volume of the original Twin Towers while also recalling the tapered facets of the Washington Monument.

*From a solid, cube-shaped base (regrettably made more bunkerlike over time), the edges of Mr. Childs’s One WTC chamfer in so that halfway up it becomes a perfect octagon and, at its top floor, the building faces 45 degrees off its base.


*Construction started	April 27, 2006 | Opening	
Late 2013 or Early 2014.

*Floor count: 104 (+5 basement floors)| Cost: US$3.9 billion (April 2012 estimate).

*Architectural: 1,776 ft (541.3 m) | Tip: 1,792 ft (546.2 m) | Location: 72 Vesey Street New York City, NY 10048. 

*Architectural style: Contemporary modern. 

Source: Wikipedia | Architecturelab & WSJ.













New One World Trade Center [Freedom Tower]




*In 2005, once David M. Childs of Skidmore Owings & Merrill (SOM) took over the design of One WTC, he devised a brilliant solution for balancing the building’s monumental and memorial demands with its practical and commercial needs.

*He took a chaotic jumble of ideas left by Daniel Libeskind, the site ‘s quixotic planner, and compressed them into a shimmering crystal, one that reflected the scale and volume of the original Twin Towers while also recalling the tapered facets of the Washington Monument.

*From a solid, cube-shaped base (regrettably made more bunkerlike over time), the edges of Mr. Childs’s One WTC chamfer in so that halfway up it becomes a perfect octagon and, at its top floor, the building faces 45 degrees off its base.


*Construction started	April 27, 2006 | Opening	
Late 2013 or Early 2014.

*Floor count: 104 (+5 basement floors)| Cost: US$3.9 billion (April 2012 estimate).

*Architectural: 1,776 ft (541.3 m) | Tip: 1,792 ft (546.2 m) | Location: 72 Vesey Street New York City, NY 10048. 

*Architectural style: Contemporary modern. 

Source: Wikipedia | Architecturelab & WSJ.













New One World Trade Center [Freedom Tower]




*In 2005, once David M. Childs of Skidmore Owings & Merrill (SOM) took over the design of One WTC, he devised a brilliant solution for balancing the building’s monumental and memorial demands with its practical and commercial needs.

*He took a chaotic jumble of ideas left by Daniel Libeskind, the site ‘s quixotic planner, and compressed them into a shimmering crystal, one that reflected the scale and volume of the original Twin Towers while also recalling the tapered facets of the Washington Monument.

*From a solid, cube-shaped base (regrettably made more bunkerlike over time), the edges of Mr. Childs’s One WTC chamfer in so that halfway up it becomes a perfect octagon and, at its top floor, the building faces 45 degrees off its base.


*Construction started	April 27, 2006 | Opening	
Late 2013 or Early 2014.

*Floor count: 104 (+5 basement floors)| Cost: US$3.9 billion (April 2012 estimate).

*Architectural: 1,776 ft (541.3 m) | Tip: 1,792 ft (546.2 m) | Location: 72 Vesey Street New York City, NY 10048. 

*Architectural style: Contemporary modern. 

Source: Wikipedia | Architecturelab & WSJ.













New One World Trade Center [Freedom Tower]




*In 2005, once David M. Childs of Skidmore Owings & Merrill (SOM) took over the design of One WTC, he devised a brilliant solution for balancing the building’s monumental and memorial demands with its practical and commercial needs.

*He took a chaotic jumble of ideas left by Daniel Libeskind, the site ‘s quixotic planner, and compressed them into a shimmering crystal, one that reflected the scale and volume of the original Twin Towers while also recalling the tapered facets of the Washington Monument.

*From a solid, cube-shaped base (regrettably made more bunkerlike over time), the edges of Mr. Childs’s One WTC chamfer in so that halfway up it becomes a perfect octagon and, at its top floor, the building faces 45 degrees off its base.


*Construction started	April 27, 2006 | Opening	
Late 2013 or Early 2014.

*Floor count: 104 (+5 basement floors)| Cost: US$3.9 billion (April 2012 estimate).

*Architectural: 1,776 ft (541.3 m) | Tip: 1,792 ft (546.2 m) | Location: 72 Vesey Street New York City, NY 10048. 

*Architectural style: Contemporary modern. 

Source: Wikipedia | Architecturelab & WSJ.

New One World Trade Center [Freedom Tower]

*In 2005, once David M. Childs of Skidmore Owings & Merrill (SOM) took over the design of One WTC, he devised a brilliant solution for balancing the building’s monumental and memorial demands with its practical and commercial needs.

*He took a chaotic jumble of ideas left by Daniel Libeskind, the site ‘s quixotic planner, and compressed them into a shimmering crystal, one that reflected the scale and volume of the original Twin Towers while also recalling the tapered facets of the Washington Monument.

*From a solid, cube-shaped base (regrettably made more bunkerlike over time), the edges of Mr. Childs’s One WTC chamfer in so that halfway up it becomes a perfect octagon and, at its top floor, the building faces 45 degrees off its base.

*Construction started April 27, 2006 | Opening Late 2013 or Early 2014.

*Floor count: 104 (+5 basement floors)| Cost: US$3.9 billion (April 2012 estimate).

*Architectural: 1,776 ft (541.3 m) | Tip: 1,792 ft (546.2 m) | Location: 72 Vesey Street New York City, NY 10048.

*Architectural style: Contemporary modern.

Source: Wikipedia | Architecturelab & WSJ.











Library Of Birmingham - England [Mecanoo]




*35,000 m2 library with adult and childrens library, study centre, music library, community health centre, multimedia, archives, Shakespeare Memorial Room, offices, exhibition halls, cafes and lounge space, new shared auditorium (300 seats) with neighbouring Repertory Theatre and urban plan for Centenary Square.

*Upon opening on 3 September 2013, it replaced Birmingham Central Library. The library, which is estimated to have cost £188.8 million

*This marvelous solar powered ship weighs about 60 ton and costs $24.4 million.


*It has been described as the largest public library in the United Kingdom, the largest public cultural space in Europe, and the largest regional library in Europe.

*Raphaël Domjan, is from Switzerland and along with Frenchman Gérard d’Aboville, made the world’s first trip around the world that was powered by solar energy.

*Location: Centenary Square. Address: Broad Street 

Source: Wikipedia











Library Of Birmingham - England [Mecanoo]




*35,000 m2 library with adult and childrens library, study centre, music library, community health centre, multimedia, archives, Shakespeare Memorial Room, offices, exhibition halls, cafes and lounge space, new shared auditorium (300 seats) with neighbouring Repertory Theatre and urban plan for Centenary Square.

*Upon opening on 3 September 2013, it replaced Birmingham Central Library. The library, which is estimated to have cost £188.8 million

*This marvelous solar powered ship weighs about 60 ton and costs $24.4 million.


*It has been described as the largest public library in the United Kingdom, the largest public cultural space in Europe, and the largest regional library in Europe.

*Raphaël Domjan, is from Switzerland and along with Frenchman Gérard d’Aboville, made the world’s first trip around the world that was powered by solar energy.

*Location: Centenary Square. Address: Broad Street 

Source: Wikipedia











Library Of Birmingham - England [Mecanoo]




*35,000 m2 library with adult and childrens library, study centre, music library, community health centre, multimedia, archives, Shakespeare Memorial Room, offices, exhibition halls, cafes and lounge space, new shared auditorium (300 seats) with neighbouring Repertory Theatre and urban plan for Centenary Square.

*Upon opening on 3 September 2013, it replaced Birmingham Central Library. The library, which is estimated to have cost £188.8 million

*This marvelous solar powered ship weighs about 60 ton and costs $24.4 million.


*It has been described as the largest public library in the United Kingdom, the largest public cultural space in Europe, and the largest regional library in Europe.

*Raphaël Domjan, is from Switzerland and along with Frenchman Gérard d’Aboville, made the world’s first trip around the world that was powered by solar energy.

*Location: Centenary Square. Address: Broad Street 

Source: Wikipedia











Library Of Birmingham - England [Mecanoo]




*35,000 m2 library with adult and childrens library, study centre, music library, community health centre, multimedia, archives, Shakespeare Memorial Room, offices, exhibition halls, cafes and lounge space, new shared auditorium (300 seats) with neighbouring Repertory Theatre and urban plan for Centenary Square.

*Upon opening on 3 September 2013, it replaced Birmingham Central Library. The library, which is estimated to have cost £188.8 million

*This marvelous solar powered ship weighs about 60 ton and costs $24.4 million.


*It has been described as the largest public library in the United Kingdom, the largest public cultural space in Europe, and the largest regional library in Europe.

*Raphaël Domjan, is from Switzerland and along with Frenchman Gérard d’Aboville, made the world’s first trip around the world that was powered by solar energy.

*Location: Centenary Square. Address: Broad Street 

Source: Wikipedia











Library Of Birmingham - England [Mecanoo]




*35,000 m2 library with adult and childrens library, study centre, music library, community health centre, multimedia, archives, Shakespeare Memorial Room, offices, exhibition halls, cafes and lounge space, new shared auditorium (300 seats) with neighbouring Repertory Theatre and urban plan for Centenary Square.

*Upon opening on 3 September 2013, it replaced Birmingham Central Library. The library, which is estimated to have cost £188.8 million

*This marvelous solar powered ship weighs about 60 ton and costs $24.4 million.


*It has been described as the largest public library in the United Kingdom, the largest public cultural space in Europe, and the largest regional library in Europe.

*Raphaël Domjan, is from Switzerland and along with Frenchman Gérard d’Aboville, made the world’s first trip around the world that was powered by solar energy.

*Location: Centenary Square. Address: Broad Street 

Source: Wikipedia











Library Of Birmingham - England [Mecanoo]




*35,000 m2 library with adult and childrens library, study centre, music library, community health centre, multimedia, archives, Shakespeare Memorial Room, offices, exhibition halls, cafes and lounge space, new shared auditorium (300 seats) with neighbouring Repertory Theatre and urban plan for Centenary Square.

*Upon opening on 3 September 2013, it replaced Birmingham Central Library. The library, which is estimated to have cost £188.8 million

*This marvelous solar powered ship weighs about 60 ton and costs $24.4 million.


*It has been described as the largest public library in the United Kingdom, the largest public cultural space in Europe, and the largest regional library in Europe.

*Raphaël Domjan, is from Switzerland and along with Frenchman Gérard d’Aboville, made the world’s first trip around the world that was powered by solar energy.

*Location: Centenary Square. Address: Broad Street 

Source: Wikipedia











Library Of Birmingham - England [Mecanoo]




*35,000 m2 library with adult and childrens library, study centre, music library, community health centre, multimedia, archives, Shakespeare Memorial Room, offices, exhibition halls, cafes and lounge space, new shared auditorium (300 seats) with neighbouring Repertory Theatre and urban plan for Centenary Square.

*Upon opening on 3 September 2013, it replaced Birmingham Central Library. The library, which is estimated to have cost £188.8 million

*This marvelous solar powered ship weighs about 60 ton and costs $24.4 million.


*It has been described as the largest public library in the United Kingdom, the largest public cultural space in Europe, and the largest regional library in Europe.

*Raphaël Domjan, is from Switzerland and along with Frenchman Gérard d’Aboville, made the world’s first trip around the world that was powered by solar energy.

*Location: Centenary Square. Address: Broad Street 

Source: Wikipedia

Library Of Birmingham - England [Mecanoo]

*35,000 m2 library with adult and childrens library, study centre, music library, community health centre, multimedia, archives, Shakespeare Memorial Room, offices, exhibition halls, cafes and lounge space, new shared auditorium (300 seats) with neighbouring Repertory Theatre and urban plan for Centenary Square.

*Upon opening on 3 September 2013, it replaced Birmingham Central Library. The library, which is estimated to have cost £188.8 million

*This marvelous solar powered ship weighs about 60 ton and costs $24.4 million.

*It has been described as the largest public library in the United Kingdom, the largest public cultural space in Europe, and the largest regional library in Europe.

*Raphaël Domjan, is from Switzerland and along with Frenchman Gérard d’Aboville, made the world’s first trip around the world that was powered by solar energy.

*Location: Centenary Square. Address: Broad Street

Source: Wikipedia


Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] 


		 
		
		
			

		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		


		
		
		
			
		
Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] 
		
		
	

				

		
	
		
		



*Architects: FJMT } Project area: 32,000 sqm | Project year: 2009
		
		
	
		



*This project as an opportunity to redefine and reinterpret the architectural dialectic between city and campus.
	
		
	
		



*Extend the public domain and create a new opening of the University to the community, parkland and city beyond, with the study of law balanced carefully at this edge.		
		
		
		
	
		


*Transform a great turn-of-the-century campus, damaged by post war development, into a more open, welcoming environment reflecting contemporary social values and aspirations.	

		
		
	
		



*The complex and extensive programs for the project into podium and superstructures which allowed the creation of an extended public domain of lawns, terraces and plazas at the podium level.	

	
		
	
		


*A cubic glass atrium locks the fragments of the teaching form into spatial and urban alignment at the moment of primary vertical circulation.


	
		



		
*Passive environmental solutions such as thermal mass, high performance glazing, thermal insulation, multi-skin facade systems, fixed and automatically adjusting shading systems, natural ventilation, night purging and the winter heating effect of the sun are augmented by mixed mode and displacement air conditioning systems, high efficiency lighting with individual control and occupancy sensors to reduce the energy impact of the building.


	
		
		
		

		From Archdaily by [FJMT]


Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] 


		 
		
		
			

		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		


		
		
		
			
		
Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] 
		
		
	

				

		
	
		
		



*Architects: FJMT } Project area: 32,000 sqm | Project year: 2009
		
		
	
		



*This project as an opportunity to redefine and reinterpret the architectural dialectic between city and campus.
	
		
	
		



*Extend the public domain and create a new opening of the University to the community, parkland and city beyond, with the study of law balanced carefully at this edge.		
		
		
		
	
		


*Transform a great turn-of-the-century campus, damaged by post war development, into a more open, welcoming environment reflecting contemporary social values and aspirations.	

		
		
	
		



*The complex and extensive programs for the project into podium and superstructures which allowed the creation of an extended public domain of lawns, terraces and plazas at the podium level.	

	
		
	
		


*A cubic glass atrium locks the fragments of the teaching form into spatial and urban alignment at the moment of primary vertical circulation.


	
		



		
*Passive environmental solutions such as thermal mass, high performance glazing, thermal insulation, multi-skin facade systems, fixed and automatically adjusting shading systems, natural ventilation, night purging and the winter heating effect of the sun are augmented by mixed mode and displacement air conditioning systems, high efficiency lighting with individual control and occupancy sensors to reduce the energy impact of the building.


	
		
		
		

		From Archdaily by [FJMT]


Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] 


		 
		
		
			

		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		


		
		
		
			
		
Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] 
		
		
	

				

		
	
		
		



*Architects: FJMT } Project area: 32,000 sqm | Project year: 2009
		
		
	
		



*This project as an opportunity to redefine and reinterpret the architectural dialectic between city and campus.
	
		
	
		



*Extend the public domain and create a new opening of the University to the community, parkland and city beyond, with the study of law balanced carefully at this edge.		
		
		
		
	
		


*Transform a great turn-of-the-century campus, damaged by post war development, into a more open, welcoming environment reflecting contemporary social values and aspirations.	

		
		
	
		



*The complex and extensive programs for the project into podium and superstructures which allowed the creation of an extended public domain of lawns, terraces and plazas at the podium level.	

	
		
	
		


*A cubic glass atrium locks the fragments of the teaching form into spatial and urban alignment at the moment of primary vertical circulation.


	
		



		
*Passive environmental solutions such as thermal mass, high performance glazing, thermal insulation, multi-skin facade systems, fixed and automatically adjusting shading systems, natural ventilation, night purging and the winter heating effect of the sun are augmented by mixed mode and displacement air conditioning systems, high efficiency lighting with individual control and occupancy sensors to reduce the energy impact of the building.


	
		
		
		

		From Archdaily by [FJMT]


Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] 


		 
		
		
			

		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		


		
		
		
			
		
Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] 
		
		
	

				

		
	
		
		



*Architects: FJMT } Project area: 32,000 sqm | Project year: 2009
		
		
	
		



*This project as an opportunity to redefine and reinterpret the architectural dialectic between city and campus.
	
		
	
		



*Extend the public domain and create a new opening of the University to the community, parkland and city beyond, with the study of law balanced carefully at this edge.		
		
		
		
	
		


*Transform a great turn-of-the-century campus, damaged by post war development, into a more open, welcoming environment reflecting contemporary social values and aspirations.	

		
		
	
		



*The complex and extensive programs for the project into podium and superstructures which allowed the creation of an extended public domain of lawns, terraces and plazas at the podium level.	

	
		
	
		


*A cubic glass atrium locks the fragments of the teaching form into spatial and urban alignment at the moment of primary vertical circulation.


	
		



		
*Passive environmental solutions such as thermal mass, high performance glazing, thermal insulation, multi-skin facade systems, fixed and automatically adjusting shading systems, natural ventilation, night purging and the winter heating effect of the sun are augmented by mixed mode and displacement air conditioning systems, high efficiency lighting with individual control and occupancy sensors to reduce the energy impact of the building.


	
		
		
		

		From Archdaily by [FJMT]


Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] 


		 
		
		
			

		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		


		
		
		
			
		
Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] 
		
		
	

				

		
	
		
		



*Architects: FJMT } Project area: 32,000 sqm | Project year: 2009
		
		
	
		



*This project as an opportunity to redefine and reinterpret the architectural dialectic between city and campus.
	
		
	
		



*Extend the public domain and create a new opening of the University to the community, parkland and city beyond, with the study of law balanced carefully at this edge.		
		
		
		
	
		


*Transform a great turn-of-the-century campus, damaged by post war development, into a more open, welcoming environment reflecting contemporary social values and aspirations.	

		
		
	
		



*The complex and extensive programs for the project into podium and superstructures which allowed the creation of an extended public domain of lawns, terraces and plazas at the podium level.	

	
		
	
		


*A cubic glass atrium locks the fragments of the teaching form into spatial and urban alignment at the moment of primary vertical circulation.


	
		



		
*Passive environmental solutions such as thermal mass, high performance glazing, thermal insulation, multi-skin facade systems, fixed and automatically adjusting shading systems, natural ventilation, night purging and the winter heating effect of the sun are augmented by mixed mode and displacement air conditioning systems, high efficiency lighting with individual control and occupancy sensors to reduce the energy impact of the building.


	
		
		
		

		From Archdaily by [FJMT]


Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] 


		 
		
		
			

		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		


		
		
		
			
		
Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] 
		
		
	

				

		
	
		
		



*Architects: FJMT } Project area: 32,000 sqm | Project year: 2009
		
		
	
		



*This project as an opportunity to redefine and reinterpret the architectural dialectic between city and campus.
	
		
	
		



*Extend the public domain and create a new opening of the University to the community, parkland and city beyond, with the study of law balanced carefully at this edge.		
		
		
		
	
		


*Transform a great turn-of-the-century campus, damaged by post war development, into a more open, welcoming environment reflecting contemporary social values and aspirations.	

		
		
	
		



*The complex and extensive programs for the project into podium and superstructures which allowed the creation of an extended public domain of lawns, terraces and plazas at the podium level.	

	
		
	
		


*A cubic glass atrium locks the fragments of the teaching form into spatial and urban alignment at the moment of primary vertical circulation.


	
		



		
*Passive environmental solutions such as thermal mass, high performance glazing, thermal insulation, multi-skin facade systems, fixed and automatically adjusting shading systems, natural ventilation, night purging and the winter heating effect of the sun are augmented by mixed mode and displacement air conditioning systems, high efficiency lighting with individual control and occupancy sensors to reduce the energy impact of the building.


	
		
		
		

		From Archdaily by [FJMT]


Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] 


		 
		
		
			

		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		


		
		
		
			
		
Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] 
		
		
	

				

		
	
		
		



*Architects: FJMT } Project area: 32,000 sqm | Project year: 2009
		
		
	
		



*This project as an opportunity to redefine and reinterpret the architectural dialectic between city and campus.
	
		
	
		



*Extend the public domain and create a new opening of the University to the community, parkland and city beyond, with the study of law balanced carefully at this edge.		
		
		
		
	
		


*Transform a great turn-of-the-century campus, damaged by post war development, into a more open, welcoming environment reflecting contemporary social values and aspirations.	

		
		
	
		



*The complex and extensive programs for the project into podium and superstructures which allowed the creation of an extended public domain of lawns, terraces and plazas at the podium level.	

	
		
	
		


*A cubic glass atrium locks the fragments of the teaching form into spatial and urban alignment at the moment of primary vertical circulation.


	
		



		
*Passive environmental solutions such as thermal mass, high performance glazing, thermal insulation, multi-skin facade systems, fixed and automatically adjusting shading systems, natural ventilation, night purging and the winter heating effect of the sun are augmented by mixed mode and displacement air conditioning systems, high efficiency lighting with individual control and occupancy sensors to reduce the energy impact of the building.


	
		
		
		

		From Archdaily by [FJMT]
Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT] <meta name="constructions" content="<meta name=" sciences>

 

Faculty of Law, University of Sydney [FJMT]

*Architects: FJMT } Project area: 32,000 sqm | Project year: 2009
*This project as an opportunity to redefine and reinterpret the architectural dialectic between city and campus.
*Extend the public domain and create a new opening of the University to the community, parkland and city beyond, with the study of law balanced carefully at this edge.
*Transform a great turn-of-the-century campus, damaged by post war development, into a more open, welcoming environment reflecting contemporary social values and aspirations.
*The complex and extensive programs for the project into podium and superstructures which allowed the creation of an extended public domain of lawns, terraces and plazas at the podium level.
*A cubic glass atrium locks the fragments of the teaching form into spatial and urban alignment at the moment of primary vertical circulation.
*Passive environmental solutions such as thermal mass, high performance glazing, thermal insulation, multi-skin facade systems, fixed and automatically adjusting shading systems, natural ventilation, night purging and the winter heating effect of the sun are augmented by mixed mode and displacement air conditioning systems, high efficiency lighting with individual control and occupancy sensors to reduce the energy impact of the building.
From Archdaily by [FJMT]


San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge [Eastern Span Replacement]


		 
		
		
		
		
		

	
		
		
	


	
		
		
		
	
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		


		
		
		
					
	San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge [Eastern Span Replacement] 
		
		
	

		
	
		
		



		
		
		
		*Design: Concrete-steel precast segment viaduct, dual steel orthotropic box beam self-anchored suspension main span, cast-in-place reenforced concrete transition connector.
		
		
		
		
	
		
		


		
		
		
*Total length: 2.2 mi (3.5 km)		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		


		
		
		
*Width: 10 general purpose lanes		
		
		
		
	
		
		


*Height: 525 ft (160 m) (SAS)

		
		
		
	
		
		


*Longest span: 1,263 ft (385 m) (SAS)		
	

	
		
	
		*Load limit: 500,000
		
	
		
		*Clearance below: 191 ft (58 m)
	
		
				*Construction 
				begin: January 29, 2002
	
		
				*Construction 
				end: September 2, 2013
	
		
				*Construction 
				cost: $6,400,000,000 (est.)


San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge [Eastern Span Replacement]


		 
		
		
		
		
		

	
		
		
	


	
		
		
		
	
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		


		
		
		
					
	San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge [Eastern Span Replacement] 
		
		
	

		
	
		
		



		
		
		
		*Design: Concrete-steel precast segment viaduct, dual steel orthotropic box beam self-anchored suspension main span, cast-in-place reenforced concrete transition connector.
		
		
		
		
	
		
		


		
		
		
*Total length: 2.2 mi (3.5 km)		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		


		
		
		
*Width: 10 general purpose lanes		
		
		
		
	
		
		


*Height: 525 ft (160 m) (SAS)

		
		
		
	
		
		


*Longest span: 1,263 ft (385 m) (SAS)		
	

	
		
	
		*Load limit: 500,000
		
	
		
		*Clearance below: 191 ft (58 m)
	
		
				*Construction 
				begin: January 29, 2002
	
		
				*Construction 
				end: September 2, 2013
	
		
				*Construction 
				cost: $6,400,000,000 (est.)


San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge [Eastern Span Replacement]


		 
		
		
		
		
		

	
		
		
	


	
		
		
		
	
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		


		
		
		
					
	San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge [Eastern Span Replacement] 
		
		
	

		
	
		
		



		
		
		
		*Design: Concrete-steel precast segment viaduct, dual steel orthotropic box beam self-anchored suspension main span, cast-in-place reenforced concrete transition connector.
		
		
		
		
	
		
		


		
		
		
*Total length: 2.2 mi (3.5 km)		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		


		
		
		
*Width: 10 general purpose lanes		
		
		
		
	
		
		


*Height: 525 ft (160 m) (SAS)

		
		
		
	
		
		


*Longest span: 1,263 ft (385 m) (SAS)		
	

	
		
	
		*Load limit: 500,000
		
	
		
		*Clearance below: 191 ft (58 m)
	
		
				*Construction 
				begin: January 29, 2002
	
		
				*Construction 
				end: September 2, 2013
	
		
				*Construction 
				cost: $6,400,000,000 (est.)


San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge [Eastern Span Replacement]


		 
		
		
		
		
		

	
		
		
	


	
		
		
		
	
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		


		
		
		
					
	San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge [Eastern Span Replacement] 
		
		
	

		
	
		
		



		
		
		
		*Design: Concrete-steel precast segment viaduct, dual steel orthotropic box beam self-anchored suspension main span, cast-in-place reenforced concrete transition connector.
		
		
		
		
	
		
		


		
		
		
*Total length: 2.2 mi (3.5 km)		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		


		
		
		
*Width: 10 general purpose lanes		
		
		
		
	
		
		


*Height: 525 ft (160 m) (SAS)

		
		
		
	
		
		


*Longest span: 1,263 ft (385 m) (SAS)		
	

	
		
	
		*Load limit: 500,000
		
	
		
		*Clearance below: 191 ft (58 m)
	
		
				*Construction 
				begin: January 29, 2002
	
		
				*Construction 
				end: September 2, 2013
	
		
				*Construction 
				cost: $6,400,000,000 (est.)
San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge [Eastern Span Replacement] <meta name="constructions" content="<meta name=" sciences>
 
San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge [Eastern Span Replacement]
*Design: Concrete-steel precast segment viaduct, dual steel orthotropic box beam self-anchored suspension main span, cast-in-place reenforced concrete transition connector.
*Total length: 2.2 mi (3.5 km)
*Width: 10 general purpose lanes
*Height: 525 ft (160 m) (SAS)
*Longest span: 1,263 ft (385 m) (SAS)
*Load limit: 500,000
*Clearance below: 191 ft (58 m)
*Construction begin: January 29, 2002
*Construction end: September 2, 2013
*Construction cost: $6,400,000,000 (est.)


The Underwater Hotel [Dubai]

 
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		Dubai 
		Underwater Hotel
	
		*Water 
		Discus Hotels comprise two discs - an underwater and above-water one.
	
		
		*This 
		combination will allow guests to admire the depths of the ocean while 
		making the most of the warm climate.
	
		
		*The 
		two parts of the structure are connected by five solid legs and a 
		vertical shaft containing a lift and stairway
	
		
		*The 
		size of each disc has been adjusted to local conditions.
	
		By DOT


The Underwater Hotel [Dubai]

 
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		Dubai 
		Underwater Hotel
	
		*Water 
		Discus Hotels comprise two discs - an underwater and above-water one.
	
		
		*This 
		combination will allow guests to admire the depths of the ocean while 
		making the most of the warm climate.
	
		
		*The 
		two parts of the structure are connected by five solid legs and a 
		vertical shaft containing a lift and stairway
	
		
		*The 
		size of each disc has been adjusted to local conditions.
	
		By DOT


The Underwater Hotel [Dubai]

 
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		Dubai 
		Underwater Hotel
	
		*Water 
		Discus Hotels comprise two discs - an underwater and above-water one.
	
		
		*This 
		combination will allow guests to admire the depths of the ocean while 
		making the most of the warm climate.
	
		
		*The 
		two parts of the structure are connected by five solid legs and a 
		vertical shaft containing a lift and stairway
	
		
		*The 
		size of each disc has been adjusted to local conditions.
	
		By DOT


The Underwater Hotel [Dubai]

 
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		Dubai 
		Underwater Hotel
	
		*Water 
		Discus Hotels comprise two discs - an underwater and above-water one.
	
		
		*This 
		combination will allow guests to admire the depths of the ocean while 
		making the most of the warm climate.
	
		
		*The 
		two parts of the structure are connected by five solid legs and a 
		vertical shaft containing a lift and stairway
	
		
		*The 
		size of each disc has been adjusted to local conditions.
	
		By DOT


The Underwater Hotel [Dubai]

 
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		Dubai 
		Underwater Hotel
	
		*Water 
		Discus Hotels comprise two discs - an underwater and above-water one.
	
		
		*This 
		combination will allow guests to admire the depths of the ocean while 
		making the most of the warm climate.
	
		
		*The 
		two parts of the structure are connected by five solid legs and a 
		vertical shaft containing a lift and stairway
	
		
		*The 
		size of each disc has been adjusted to local conditions.
	
		By DOT


The Underwater Hotel [Dubai]

 
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		Dubai 
		Underwater Hotel
	
		*Water 
		Discus Hotels comprise two discs - an underwater and above-water one.
	
		
		*This 
		combination will allow guests to admire the depths of the ocean while 
		making the most of the warm climate.
	
		
		*The 
		two parts of the structure are connected by five solid legs and a 
		vertical shaft containing a lift and stairway
	
		
		*The 
		size of each disc has been adjusted to local conditions.
	
		By DOT


The Underwater Hotel [Dubai]

 
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
		
	
		
		Dubai 
		Underwater Hotel
	
		*Water 
		Discus Hotels comprise two discs - an underwater and above-water one.
	
		
		*This 
		combination will allow guests to admire the depths of the ocean while 
		making the most of the warm climate.
	
		
		*The 
		two parts of the structure are connected by five solid legs and a 
		vertical shaft containing a lift and stairway
	
		
		*The 
		size of each disc has been adjusted to local conditions.
	
		By DOT
The Underwater Hotel [Dubai]
 
Dubai Underwater Hotel
*Water Discus Hotels comprise two discs - an underwater and above-water one.
*This combination will allow guests to admire the depths of the ocean while making the most of the warm climate.
*The two parts of the structure are connected by five solid legs and a vertical shaft containing a lift and stairway
*The size of each disc has been adjusted to local conditions.

By DOT

 
 
 
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